Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.7, No.2, Jun. 2021, Pub. Date: Jun. 29, 2021
Effects of Decayed Leaf Litters from Selected Plant Sources (Terminalia catappa, T. mentalis and Moringa oleifera) on the Growth of Eggplant Species
Pages: 36-42 Views: 532 Downloads: 93
[01] Olasan Joseph Olalekan, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[02] Aguoru Celestine Uzoma, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[03] Dogo Mary Doosuur, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[04] Kaanjo Tersoo, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
A pot experiment was carried out to ascertain the effects of plant based organic manure (Terminalia catappa, Terminalia mentalis and Moringa oleifera) and inorganic fertilizer (NPK) on the growth performances of selected eggplant species (Solanum melongena, Solanum anguivi and Solanum macrocarpon). The experiment was arranged in a complete randomized design with two replicates. Data obtained were subjected to ANOVA and significant mean were detected using Turkey method (P<0.05). Results on species performance revealed that, Solanum macrocarpon outclass others species on application of treatments, this was evidence on Stem circumference, Number of leaves, Leaf length and width, Number of branches and Plant spread at week 5, but significantly lower for trace of disease as compare to Solanum melongena and Solanum anguivi. Solanum anguivi shown significant different for the Number of germination, percentage germination, seedling vigor and Plant spread which was higher as compare to other species. No significant difference were detected among the species for both the organic manure and fertilizer for the Stem circumference, Number of leaves, Plant spread and Trace of disease, 5 weeks after treatment. The effect of manure types on growth of eggplant influenced the Plant height (2WAMA), Plant height (5WAMA), Leaf length (5WAMA), Number of branches (5WAMA) and Plant performance (5WAMA) were significantly different as compare to inorganic fertilizer and the control. Therefore organic manure is recommended for our peasant farmers for optimum performance of eggplant as it is safe, cheap and easily accessible.
Decay, Eggplant, Growth Performance, N.P.K and Organic Manure
[01] Adamczewska-Sowińska, K., and Krygier, M. (2013). Yield quantity and quality of field cultivated eggplant in relation to its cultivar and the degree of fruit maturity. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum-Hortorum Cultus, 12 (2): 13-23.
[02] Akande, M. O., Makinde, E. A., and Otuwe, M. O. (2011). Dry matter partitioning of sesame and nutrient dynamics with organic and inorganic fertilizers. Tropical and subtropical agroecosystems, 14 (3): 1063-1069.
[03] Blanco‐Canqui, H., Shaver, T. M., Lindquist, J. L., Shapiro, C. A., Elmore, R. W., Francis, C. A., and Hergert, G. W. (2015). Cover crops and ecosystem services: Insights from studies in temperate soils. Agronomy Journal, 107 (6): 2449-2474.
[04] Cao, G., and Prior, R. L. (1996). Total antioxidant capacity of fruits. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 44 (3): 701-705.
[05] El-Afifi, S. T. M., El-Sayed, H. A., Farid, S. M., and Shalata, A. A. (2013). Effect of organic fertilization, irrigation intervals and some antitranspirants on growth and productivity of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Journal of Plant Production, 4 (2): 271-286
[06] El-Naggar, A., El-Naggar, A. H., Shaheen, S. M., Sarkar, B., Chang, S. X., Tsang, D. C.,... and Ok, Y. S. (2019). Biochar composition-dependent impacts on soil nutrient release, carbon mineralization, and potential environmental risk: a review. Journal of environmental management, 241: 458-467.
[07] Hossain, M. F., Ara, N., Islam, M. R., Hossain, J., and Akhter, B. (2014). Effect of different sowing dates on yield of tomato genotypes. International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology, 4 (1): 40-43.
[08] Kashyap, D., Sharma, A., Tuli, H. S., Sak, K., Garg, V. K., Buttar, H. S.,... and Sethi, G. (2014). Apigenin: A natural bioactive flavone-type molecule with promising therapeutic function. Journal of Functional Foods, 48: 457-471.
[09] Maghfoer, M. D., Soelistyono, R., and Herlina, N. (2014). Response of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) to combination of inorganic-organic N and EM4. AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science, 35 (3): 296-303.
[10] Mezher, T., Fath, H., Abbas, Z., and Khaled, A. (2011). Techno-economic assessment and environmental impacts of desalination technologies. Desalination, 266 (1-3): 263-273.
[11] Moraditochaee, M., Bozorgi, H. R., and Halajisani, N. (2011). Effects of vermicompost application and nitrogen fertilizer rates on fruit yield and several attributes of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) in Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal, 15 (2): 174-178.
[12] Nziguheba, G., Merckx, R., and Palm, C. A. (2002). Soil phosphorus dynamics and maize response to different rates of phosphorus fertilizer applied to an Acrisol in western Kenya. Plant and Soil, 243 (1): 1-10.
[13] Sanni, K. O., and Okeowo, T. A. (2016). Growth, yield performance and cost benefit of eggplant (Solanum melongena) production using goat and pig manure In Ikorodu Lagos Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Studies, 3 (4): 22-26.
[14] Taguiling, L. G. (2016). Effect of green biomasses on compost quality. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 6: 509-513.
[15] Taiz, L., Zeiger, E., Møller, I. M., and Murphy, A. (2015). Plant physiology and development (No. Ed. 6). Sinauer Associates Incorporated.
[16] Tindall, B. J. (1992). The family Halobacteriaceae. The prokaryotes; a handbook on the biology of bacteria: ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications, vol. I., (Ed. 2): 768-808.
[17] Yuliana, L., Ridho, F., and Salam, R. (2020). Model Regresi Logistik Kekar Pada Kinerja Perekonomian Menggunakan Estimasi Bianco-Yohai Dan Bianco-Yohai Terboboti. In Seminar Nasional Official Statistics (Vol. 2020, No. 1: pp. 1247-1253).
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.