Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: Jul. 13, 2019
Potential Impact of Climate Change on Wheat Production in Cambridgeshire, UK
Pages: 56-60 Views: 1548 Downloads: 496
[01] Olufemi Samson Adesina, Department of Food Security, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
[02] Ibrahim Mohammed, Department of Environmental Bioscience in a Changing Climate, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
Wheat is a major food crop in the UK and worldwide. Moreover, the UK grows winter wheat extensively due to suitable climatic conditions. However, the frequency and severity of extreme weather events are likely to rise with global warming. Droughts and high temperatures are known to have substantial impacts on crop growth. Thus, this study accessed the potential impact of climate change on wheat production in Cambridgeshire in the 2080s, specifically assessing the potential impacts from drought, heatwaves, and effect on fertility. Data analysis includes 5 different runs (runs 96, 97, 98, 99, 100) of the weather Generator sourced from the UKCP09 website. The result shows that droughts and high-temperature days will be more frequent in future summer months, and heatwaves more frequent and longer in duration. It is likely that high temperatures will have the largest impact on wheat production in a future climate as opposed to drought, and the risk of reduction in fertility will also increase. In all, the study presents a slight increase in drought and a significant increase in temperature in the future, while the extremely high temperature will increase the risk of crop losses. However, early maturity appears to be more beneficial in the future due to increasing temperature.
Wheat Production, Climate Change, UK
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