International Journal of Life Science and Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Life Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, May 2015, Pub. Date: May 14, 2015
Sero-Prevalence Survey of Rubella IgM Antibodies among Pregnant Women in Kano, Nigeria
Pages: 56-60 Views: 3035 Downloads: 1132
Authors
[01] Yahaya H., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[02] Ibrahim A., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[03] Muhammad A. B., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[04] Dandawaki S. M., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Abstract
Rubella is a generally mild illness and its serious complications are rare. Although a major section of pregnant women are immune, cases of rubella infection occur in Nigeria among pregnant women. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of rubella virus IgM antibody among obstetric population between 15 – 44 age group attending Antenatal Clinic Bamalli Nuhu Maternity Hospital, Kano. The samples were analyses using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay technique. A well-structured questionnaire was administered to the subjects to obtain socio-demographic data. Of the total 89 samples screened, 7 (7.87%) were reactive to rubella IgM antigens from the coated wells. Out of 7 positive samples, 4 (4.49%) were within 15–24 years age group, representing the most susceptible group, while the infection rate was lowest among 35–44 age group with prevalence rate of 1 (1.12%). Furthermore, women in the third trimesters of pregnancy were recorded to have the highest prevalence rate to the antibody 3(3.37%) while those at first and second trimesters recorded 1(1.12%) and 2(2.25%) respectively. In addition, no case was recorded among women with higher educational background recorded as compared to those who did not acquire western education with prevalence of 4(4.49%). Finally, it was found that rubella infection still occurs in this population, although the prevalence was slightly low, but burden remain alarming due to poor awareness and the ravage of the disease to the foetuses.
Keywords
IgM, Rubella, Immunosorbent, Bamalli, Obstetric
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