International Journal of Animal Biology
Articles Information
International Journal of Animal Biology, Vol.1, No.6, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Detection of Bioelectromagnetic Signals Transmitted Through the Exoskeleton of Living Land Snails
Pages: 302-305 Views: 638 Downloads: 524
Authors
[01] Abraham A. Embi, Cardiology Department, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Miami, Florida, USA.
[02] Benjamin J. Scherlag, Heart Rhythm Institute, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA.
Abstract
Background: Our previous reports have used a novel method for imaging bioelectromagnetic energy as electromagnetic fields (EMFs) emanating from plant and animal tissue The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that living land snails exhibit EMFs that can be transmitted through their exoskeleton and can be detected utilizing a mixture of fine iron particles and Prussian Blue Stain (PBS Fe2). Methods: Living intact land snails, 15 to 20 mm in length, were placed on glass slides, two drops of a PBS Fe2 solution were delivered under the snail’s shell. After total evaporation the snails were removed and micro-photographs of areas under the snails were viewed via a video microscope. Results: EMFs were imaged as specific patterns of iron aggregates directly under the contact area of the shell and evaporated solution; whereas such iron aggregate patterns were not observed in the presence of empty shells. Conclusions: Living gastropods, such as small snails, emit bioelectromagnetic energy in the form of EMFs transmitted through their exoskeletons to be imaged as specific patterns of iron aggregation subsequent to evaporation. No similar patterns were seen when empty shells were substituted for the live snails.
Keywords
Biomagnetism, Electromagnetic Fields, Gastropods, Exoskeleton
References
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