American Journal of Social Science Research
Articles Information
American Journal of Social Science Research, Vol.4, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Dec. 21, 2018
School Board and Participation of the Parents: Critical Analysis of the Some Experiencing Cases Across-Countries
Pages: 84-97 Views: 435 Downloads: 266
[01] Corneille Luboya Tshiunza, Department of Educational Economy and Management, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China; Departmentof of Administration and Management of Educational Institutions and Training Centers, National Pedagogical University, Kinshasa, RD Congo.
Many school board reforms are initiated and implemented in order to improve the school performance and parental participation in school governance. Many studies on evaluation of these school governance reforms showed no only the moderate effect but also some challenges which affected negatively the effectiveness of school board operations in many countries. The objective of this theoretical analysis is to analyze critically the evidence of some challenges facing the school boards operations through the participation of parents in school boards across-countries. On this, the study used the documentary research and analysis. Using the evidences of the studies conducted in Africa, Europa, and America, the study showed the practices of school boards and participation of the parents in the school governance bodies. It emphasized less participation and involvement of parents and the frequent conflicts between the members of these structures of the school governance. The study supposes that solving the challenges of the school boards operations could reinforce quality of implementation of school governance reform through the governance system of school boards and improve the school performances. The study proposed the perspective for an “effective, useful, transparent and peaceful school board”.
School Board, Participation, Responsibility, Actor of School Board
[01] Viteritti, J. (2005). The end of local politics. In W. G. Howell (Ed.), Besieged: School boards and the future of education politics (pp. 308-323). Washington D. C.: Brookings Institution Press.
[02] Viteritti, J. (2009). When mayors take charge: School governance in the city. Washington D. C.: Brookings Institution Press.
[03] World Bank (2011). Making schools work: new evidence on accountability reforms (Human Development Series). Washington DC: Authors.
[04] Luboya T. C., (2018). Effectiveness of School Administration and Governance: The evidence of Mixed Method and Triangulation Study of DRC Pilot High Schools Thesis, Union European: Scholars' Press.
[05] OECD (2010). PISA 2009 Results: What Makes a School Successful? Resources, Policies and Practices Volume IV: Retrieved from
[06] Briggs, K. L., & Robertson P. J. (1998). Improving schools through school-based management: An examination of the process of change. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 28-57.
[07] Fullan, M., & Watson, N. (2000). School-Based Management: Re-conceptualizing to Improve Learning Outcome. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 11 (4), 453-473.
[08] Caldwell, B. J. (2002). Autonomy and self-management: Concepts and evidence. In Bush, T., & Bell, L. (Eds.), The Principles and Practice of Educational Management’ (pp. 21-40). London: Paul Chapman Publishing.
[09] Briggs, K. L., & Wohlstetter P. (2003). Key Element of a successful school improvement. School effectiveness and school improvement, 14 (3), 351-372.
[10] Borman, G., Hewes, G., Overman, L., Brown, S. (2003). Comprehensive school reform and achievement: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 73 (2), 125-230.
[11] Bradshaw, P., & Osborne, R. (2010). School boards: Emerging governance challenges. Education Canada, 50 (1), 46-49.
[12] Borman, Hewes, Overman and Brown (2002). Comprehensive school reform and student achievement. A Meta-Analysis, Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk (CRESPAR). Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University.
[13] Witte, J., Weimer, D., & Shober, A. (2007). The Performance of Charter Schools in Wisconsin. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 26 (3), 557-572.
[14] Lipsky, M. (2010). Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Service, 30th Anniversary Expanded Edition. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
[15] Maeroff, G. I. (2010). School Boards in America Flawed, But Still Significant. Phi Delta Kappa, 91 (6), 31-34.
[16] Kava, R., & Olin, R. (2013). Local Government Expenditure and Revenue Limits. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Legislative Fiscal Bureau.
[17] Di Gropello, E. and J. Marshall. (2005). Teacher Effort and Schooling Outcomes in Rural Honduras in E. Vegas (ed.), Incentives to Improve Teaching. Washington, D. C.: World Bank.
[18] Hoxby, C. M., Murarka, S., & Kang, J. (2009). How New York City’s Charter Schools Affect Achievement. Cambridge, MA: The New York City Charter Schools Evaluation Project.
[19] Grissom, J. A. (2012). Is discord detrimental? Using institutional variation to identify the impact of public governing board conflict on outcomes. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.
[20] Pont, B., Nusche, D., et Hopkins, D., (2008a). Améliorer la direction des établissements scolaires. Volume 1: Politiques et pratiques, Paris: OCDE.
[21] Devariecs, C., & O’ Brien, E. (2011). Eight characteristics of effective school boards. Alexandria, VA: Center for Public Education
[22] French, P., Peevely, G., & Stanley, R. (2008). Measuring perceived school board effectiveness in Tennessee: The latest survey results. International Journal of Public Administration, 31 (2), 211–243.
[23] Walser, N. (2009). The Essential School Board Book: Better Governance in the Age of Accountability. Cambrige, MA: Harvard Education Press.
[24] Antonowicz, L., Lesne, F., Stassen, S., et Wood, J. (2010). La bonne gouvernance pour l’éducation primaire, Berlin: Transparency International.
[25] Eurydice (2007). L’autonomie scolaire en Europe. Politiques et mécanismes de mise en œuvre, Bruxelles: Eurydice.
[26] Pont, B., Nusche, D., et Hopkins, D., (2008b). Améliorer la direction des établissements scolaires. Volume 2: Etudes de cas sur la direction des systemes, Paris: OCDE.
[27] Lugaz, C. et De Grauwe, A (2006). Ecole et décentralisation. Résultats d’une recherche en Afrique Francophone de l’Ouest, Paris: UNESCO-IIPE.
[28] Townsend, T., (2007). International Handbook of School Effectiveness and Improvement, Dordrecht: Springer.
[29] Luboya T. C., Liu X., Paulo E. G., (2017). Impact of Governance System of Local School Boards on Pupils’ Academic Performance in RD Congo Pilot Primary Schools, Education, 7 (6), 124-137.
[30] Luboya T. C., (2012). Analysis of the parent-school education partnership in public schools in Kinshasa, Kinshasa: National Pedagogical University.
[31] Lesieur, J. (2009). Organisation du système éducatif français, Paris: Ministère de l’Education Nationale.
[32] Mrsic-Garac, S., (2010). Le modèle participatif à l’épreuve du champ éducatif congolais (RDC), In Petit, P., (dir.). Société civile et éducation. Le partenariat à l’épreuve du terrain, Academia Bruylant, pp. 75-102.
[33] Ranson, S., Farrell, C., Peim, N., et Smith, P., (2005a). Does Governance Matter for School Improvement? School Effectivement and School Improvement, 16 (3), 305-325.
[34] Sergiovanni T., Kelleher P., McCarthy M. and Fowler C. (2011). Educational Governance and Administration, (6th Ed.), San Antonio, Los Angeles and Miami: Pearson.
[35] Kokouvi T. (2012). Gouvernance scolaire au Togo. Intelligibilité de pratiques des acteurs et nouveaux paradigmes d’intervention, Thèse de doctorat, Université de Lleida.
[36] DRC-MINESP (2011). Arrêté ministériel n°MINEPSP/CABMIN/0827/2011 du 06/09/2011 portant organisation et fonctionnement du conseil de gestion au sein des établissements scolaires d’enseignement maternel, primaire, secondaire et professionnel.
[37] Ortiz, F., I., et Ogana, R., (2000). Site-Based Decision-Making Leadership in America Public Schools, Journal of Education A dministration, 38 (5), pp. 486-499.
[38] Leithwood K., and Menzies T. (1998). Forms and effects of school-based management: a review. Educational policy, 12 (3), 325-347.
[39] Ranson, S., Arnott, M., McKeown, P., Martin, J., et Smith, P. (2005b). The Participation of Voluteer Citizens in School Governance, Education Reviw, 57 (3), Aout.
[40] Ford, M. (2012). The Impact of School Board Gender Representation on K-12 Fiscal and Academic Outcomes in Wisconsin School Districts. Paper presented at the 175 Conference of the Urban Affairs Association, December.
[41] Ford, M. (2013). The Impact of School Board Governance on Academic Achievement in Diverse States. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, April
[42] Marschall, M. H. (2005). Minority incorporation and local school boards. In Howell W. G. (Ed.), Besieged: School boards and the future of education politics (pp. 173-198). Washington D. C.: Brookings Institution Press
[43] Deckman, M. (2007). Gender differences in the decision to run for school board. American Politics Research, 35, 541-563.
[44] Delagardelle, M. (2006). Roles and responsibilities of local school board members in relation to student achievement. Des Moines: Iowa State University.
[45] Hess, F. & Meeks, O. (2011). School Boards Circa 2010: Governance in an Accountability Era. Washington D. C.: National School Board Association.
[46] Hallak, J., et Poisson, M., (2009). Ecoles corrompues, Universités corrompues: Que faire ?, Paris: UNESCO-IIPE.
[47] ADEA (2006). How to ensure the effectiveness of learning? Report of the Biennial of education in Africa, Libreville: ADEA.
[48] Deniger, M-A, Roy, G., Brouillette, V. et Berthelot, J., (2002). La nouvelle gouverne scolaire au Québec: Acteurs et enjeux, Lien Social et Politique, 48, 115-127.
[49] Brassard, A., Lusignan, J. et Lessard, C (2002). Etude de cas sur l’expérience des changements en éducation dans trois commissions scolaires au Québec. Montreal: Université de Montreal, FSE, LABRIPROF-CRIFPE.
[50] Archibald, S. & Ford, M. (2012) Using Value-Added Analysis to Raise Student Achievement. Hartland, WI: Wisconsin Policy Research Institute.
[51] Dutercq, Y., (2001). Les parents d’élèves: entre absence et consommation, Revue Française de Pédagogie, 134, (1-2-3), 111-121.
[52] UNESCO (2008). Rapport mondial pour le suivi de l’éducation pour tous 2009. Vaincre l’inégalité: l’importance de la gouvernance, Paris: UNESCO.
[53] OCDE (2001). Des innovations dans l’enseignement. Gestion des établissements. De nouvelles approches, Paris: OCDE.
[54] Meuret, D., (2007). Gouverner l’école: Une comparaison France-USA, Paris: PUF.
[55] UNESCO-DR CONGO (2010), Module de formation de chef d’établissement scolaire: Gestion d’une école secondaire, Kinshasa, Kinshasa-ELICO.
[56] O’Donoghue, Th.-A., et Dimmock, C., (1996). School Development Planning and Classroom Teacher: a Western Australian Cas-stady. School Organisation, 16 (1), 71-87.
[57] Flinspach, S. L and Ryan, S. P., (1992). Vision and accountability in School Improvement Planning. Chicago IL: Chicago Panel on Public School Policy and Finance.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.